Turkey’s Foreign Trade Figures Top 20 Export Countries

Turkey’s Foreign Trade 2018 figures with exports of 167.9 billion dollars and imports 223 billion dollars and export-import ratio of 75.3% and foreign trade deficit is $ 55 billion. [1] Turkey, the highest 32 imports by exports in 2017 is the highest rake 24. The most important export product of Turkey’s automotive, garments and textiles, white goods, agricultural and food products, natural gas and oil is the most important import products are automotive and electronics.

 figures by years

Values ​​are in thousand US $.

Years Export Imports Foreign tradebalance Foreign tradevolume Import of exportscoverage rate
Value Change Value Change Value Value Change
1923 50.790 86.872 -36.082 137.662 58,5
1924 82.435 increase 62,3 100.462 increase 15,6 -18.027 182.897 increase 82,1
1925 102.700 increase 24,6 128.953 increase 28,4 -26.253 231.653 decrease 79,6
1926 96.437 decrease -6,1 121.411 decrease -5,8 -24.974 217.848 decrease 79,4
1927 80.749 decrease -16,3 107.752 decrease -11,3 -27.003 188.501 increase 74,9
1928 88.278 increase 9,3 113.710 increase 5,5 -25.432 201.988 increase 77,6
1929 74.827 decrease -15,2 123.558 increase 8,7 -48.731 198.385 decrease 60,6
1930 71.380 decrease -4,6 69.540 decrease -43,7 1.840 140.920 increase 102,6
1931 60.226 decrease -15,6 59.935 decrease -13,8 291 120.161 decrease 100,5
1932 47.972 decrease -20,3 40.718 decrease -32,1 7.254 88.690 increase 117,8
1933 58.065 increase 21,0 45.091 increase 10,7 12.974 103.156 increase 128,8
1934 73.007 increase 25,7 68.761 increase 52,5 4.246 141.768 decrease 106,2
1935 76.232 increase 4,4 70.635 increase 2,7 5.597 146.867 increase 107,9
1936 93.670 increase 22,9 73.619 increase 4,2 20.051 167.289 increase 127,2
1937 109.225 increase 16,6 90.540 increase 23,0 18.685 199.765 decrease 120,6
1938 115.019 increase 5,3 118.899 increase 31,3 -3.880 233.918 decrease 96,7
1939 99.647 decrease -13,4 92.498 decrease -22,2 7.149 192.145 increase 107,7
1940 80.904 decrease -18,8 50.035 decrease -45,9 30.869 130.939 increase 161,7
1941 91.056 increase 12,5 55.349 increase 10,6 35.707 146.405 increase 164,5
1942 126.115 increase 38,5 112.879 increase 103,9 13.236 238.994 decrease 111,7
1943 196.734 increase 56,0 155.340 increase 37,6 41.394 352.074 increase 126,6
1944 177.952 decrease -9,5 126.230 decrease -18,7 51.722 304.182 increase 141,0
1945 168.264 decrease -5,4 96.969 decrease -23,2 71.295 265.233 increase 173,5
1946 214.580 increase 27,5 118.889 increase 22,6 95.691 333.469 increase 180,5
1947 223.301 increase 4,1 244.644 increase 105,8 -21.343 467.945 decrease 91,3
1948 196.799 decrease -11,9 275.053 increase 12,4 -78.254 471.852 decrease 71,5
1949 247.825 increase 25,9 290.220 increase 5,5 -42.395 538.045 increase 85,4
1950 263.424 increase 6,3 285.664 decrease -1,6 -22.240 549.088 increase 92,2
1951 314.082 increase 19,2 402.086 increase 40,8 -88.004 716.168 decrease 78,1
1952 362.914 increase 15,5 555.920 increase 38,3 -193.006 918.834 decrease 65,3
1953 396.061 increase 9,1 532.533 decrease -4,2 -136.472 928.594 increase 74,4
1954 334.924 decrease -15,4 478.359 decrease -10,2 -143.435 813.283 decrease 70,0
1955 313.346 decrease -6,4 497.637 increase 4,0 -184.291 810.983 decrease 63,0
1956 304.990 decrease -2,7 407.340 decrease -18,1 -102.350 712.330 increase 74,9
1957 345.217 increase 13,2 397.125 decrease -2,5 -51.908 742.342 increase 86,9
1958 247.271 decrease -28,4 315.098 decrease -20,7 -67.827 562.369 decrease 78,5
1959 353.799 increase 43,1 469.982 increase 49,2 -116.183 823.781 decrease 75,3
1960 320.731 decrease -9,3 468.186 decrease -0,4 -147.455 788.917 decrease 68,5
1961 346.740 increase 8,1 507.205 increase 8,3 -160.465 853.945 decrease 68,4
1962 381.197 increase 9,9 619.447 increase 22,1 -238.250 1.000.644 decrease 61,5
1963 368.087 decrease -3,4 687.616 increase 11,0 -319.529 1.055.703 decrease 53,5
1964 410.771 increase 11,6 537.229 decrease -21,9 -126.458 948.000 increase 76,5
1965 463.738 increase 12,9 571.953 increase 6,5 -108.215 1.035.691 increase 81,1
1966 490.508 increase 5,8 718.269 increase 25,6 -227.761 1.208.777 decrease 68,3
1967 522.334 increase 6,5 684.669 decrease -4,7 -162.335 1.207.003 increase 76,3
1968 496.419 decrease -5,0 763.659 increase 11,5 -267.240 1.260.078 decrease 65,0
1969 536.834 increase 8,1 801.236 increase 4,9 -264.403 1.338.070 increase 67,0
1970 588.476 increase 9,6 947.604 increase 18,3 -359.128 1.536.081 decrease 62,1
1971 676.602 increase 15,0 1.170.840 increase 23,6 -494.239 1.847.442 decrease 57,8
1972 884.969 increase 30,8 1.562.550 increase 33,5 -677.581 2.447.519 decrease 56,6
1973 1.317.083 increase 48,8 2.086.216 increase 33,5 -769.133 3.403.299 increase 63,1
1974 1.532.182 increase 16,3 3.777.501 increase 81,1 -2.245.319 5.309.683 decrease 40,6
1975 1.401.075 decrease -8,6 4.738.558 increase 25,4 -3.337.483 6.139.633 decrease 29,6
1976 1.960.214 increase 39,9 5.128.647 increase 8,2 -3.168.433 7.088.862 increase 38,2
1977 1.753.026 decrease -10,6 5.796.278 increase 13,0 -4.043.252 7.549.304 decrease 30,2
1978 2.288.163 increase 30,5 4.599.025 decrease -20,7 -2.310.862 6.887.187 increase 49,8
1979 2.261.195 decrease -1,2 5.069.432 increase 10,2 -2.808.236 7.330.627 decrease 44,6
1980 2.910.122 increase 28,7 7.909.364 increase 56,0 -4.999.242 10.819.486 decrease 36,8
1981 4.702.934 increase 61,6 8.933.374 increase 12,9 -4.230.439 13.636.308 increase 52,6
1982 5.745.973 increase 22,2 8.842.665 decrease -1,0 -3.096.692 14.588.639 increase 65,0
1983 5.727.834 decrease -0,3 9.235.002 increase 4,4 -3.507.168 14.962.836 decrease 62,0
1984 7.133.604 increase 24,5 10.757.032 increase 16,5 -3.623.429 17.890.636 increase 66,3
1985 7.958.010 increase 11,6 11.343.376 increase 5,5 -3.385.367 19.301.386 increase 70,2
1986 7.456.726 decrease -6,3 11.104.771 decrease -2,1 -3.648.046 18.561.497 decrease 67,1
1987 10.190.049 increase 36,7 14.157.807 increase 27,5 -3.967.757 24.347.856 increase 72,0
1988 11.662.024 increase 14,4 14.335.398 increase 1,3 -2.673.374 25.997.422 increase 81,4
1989 11.624.692 decrease -0,3 15.792.143 increase 10,2 -4.167.451 27.416.835 decrease 73,6
1990 12.959.288 increase 11,5 22.302.126 increase 41,2 -9.342.838 35.261.413 decrease 58,1
1991 13.593.462 increase 4,9 21.047.014 decrease -5,6 -7.453.552 34.640.476 increase 64,6
1992 14.714.629 increase 8,2 22.871.055 increase 8,7 -8.156.426 37.585.684 decrease 64,3
1993 15.345.067 increase 4,3 29.428.370 increase 28,7 -14.083.303 44.773.436 decrease 52,1
1994 18.105.872 increase 18,0 23.270.019 decrease -20,9 -5.164.147 41.375.891 increase 77,8
1995 21.637.041 increase 19,5 35.709.011 increase 53,5 -14.071.970 57.346.052 decrease 60,6
1996 23.224.465 increase 7,3 43.626.642 increase 22,2 -20.402.178 66.851.107 decrease 53,2
1997 26.261.072 increase 13,1 48.558.721 increase 11,3 -22.297.649 74.819.792 increase 54,1
1998 26.973.952 increase 2,7 45.921.392 decrease -5,4 -18.947.440 72.895.344 increase 58,7
1999 26.587.225 decrease -1,4 40.671.272 decrease -11,4 -14.084.047 67.258.497 increase 65,4
2000 27.774.906 increase 4,5 54.502.821 increase 34,0 -26.727.914 82.277.727 decrease 51,0
2001 31.334.216 increase 12,8 41.399.083 decrease -24,0 -10.064.867 72.733.299 increase 75,7
2002 36.059.089 increase 15,1 51.553.797 increase 24,5 -15.494.708 87.612.886 decrease 69,9
2003 47.252.836 increase 31,0 69.339.692 increase 34,5 -22.086.856 116.592.528 decrease 68,1
2004 63.167.153 increase 33,7 97.539.766 increase 40,7 -34.372.613 160.706.919 decrease 64,8
2005 73.476.408 increase 16,3 116.774.151 increase 19,7 -43.297.743 190.250.559 decrease 62,9
2006 85.534.676 increase 16,4 139.576.174 increase 19,5 -54.041.499 225.110.850 decrease 61,3
2007 107.271.750 increase 25,4 170.062.715 increase 21,8 -62.790.965 277.334.464 increase 63,1
2008 132.027.196 increase 23,1 201.963.574 increase 18,8 -69.936.378 333.990.770 increase 65,4
2009 102.142.613 decrease -22,6 140.928.421 decrease -30,2 -38.785.809 243.071.034 increase 72,5
2010 113.883.219 increase 11,5 185.544.332 increase 31,7 -71.661.113 299.427.551 decrease 61,4
2011 134.906.869 increase 18,5 240.841.676 increase 29,8 -105.934.807 375.748.545 decrease 56,0
2012 152.461.737 increase 13,0 236.545.141 decrease -1,8 -84.083.404 389.006.877 increase 64,5
2013 151.802.637 decrease -0,4 251.661.250 increase 6,4 -99.858.613 403.463.887 decrease 60,3
2014 157.610.158 increase 3,8 242.177.117 decrease -3,8 -84.566.959 399.787.275 increase 65,1
2015 143.838.871 decrease -8,7 207.234.359 decrease -14,4 -63.395.487 351.073.230 increase 69,4
2016 142.529.584 decrease -0,9 198.618.235 decrease -4,2 -56.088.651 341.147.819 increase 71,8
2017 156.992.940 increase 10,1 233.799.651 increase 17,7 -76.806.711 390.792.592 decrease 67,1
2018 * 167.923.862 increase 7,0 223.046.879 decrease -4,6 -55.123.017 390.970.741 increase 75,3

* 2018 figures are provisional.

Exports

Turkey’s 2018 export figure of 167.9 billion dollars. Turkey, exporting 32 countries. [2] The most important export products to Turkey, automotive, garments and textiles, white goods, agricultural and food products. The countries with the largest share in Turkey’s exports, respectively; Germany with 9.6%, United Kingdom with 6.6%, Italy with 5.7%, Iraq with 5.0% and the USA with 4.9%.

 

Annual exports by country

Top 20 exporting countries [4]

Turkey’s Foreign Trade Values ​​are in thousand US $.

Desk Country 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
1  Germany 16.137.388 15.118.910 13.998.653 13.417.033 15.147.423 13.702.577 13.124.375 13.950.825 11.479.066 9.793.006
2  United Kingdom 11.107.336 9.603.189 11.685.790 10.556.393 9.903.172 8.785.124 8.693.599 8.151.430 7.235.861 5.937.997
3  Italy 9.560.405 8.473.471 7.580.837 6.887.399 7.141.071 6.718.355 6.373.080 7.851.480 6.505.277 5.888.958
4  Iraq 8.346.276 9.054.612 7.636.670 8.549.967 10.887.826 11.948.905 10.822.144 8.310.130 6.036.362 5.123.406
5  ABD 8.304.672 8.654.268 6.623.347 6.395.842 6.341.841 5.640.247 5.604.230 4.584.029 3.762.919 3.240.597
6  Spain 7.708.465 6.302.135 4.988.483 4.742.270 4.749.584 4.334.196 3.717.345 3.917.559 3.536.205 2.818.470
7  France 7.286.992 6.584.199 6.022.485 5.845.032 6.464.243 6.376.704 6.198.536 6.805.821 6.054.499 6.211.415
8  Netherlands 4.760.826 3.864.486 3.589.432 3.154.867 3.458.689 3.538.043 3.244.429 3.243.080 2.461.371 2.127.297
9  Belgium 3.950.970 3.151.422 2.548.240 2.557.805 2.939.108 2.573.804 2.359.575 2.451.030 1.960.441 1.795.682
10  Israel 3.894.506 3.407.436 2.955.545 2.698.139 2.950.902 2.649.663 2.329.531 2.391.148 2.080.148 1.522.436
11  Romania 3.867.122 3.139.188 2.671.249 2.815.506 3.008.011 2.616.313 2.495.427 2.878.760 2.599.380 2.201.936
12  Russia 3.399.827 2.734.316 1.732.954 3.588.331 5.943.014 6.964.209 6.680.777 5.992.633 4.628.153 3.189.607
13  Poland 3.346.149 3.070.758 2.650.505 2.329.176 2.401.689 2.058.857 1.853.700 1.758.252 1.504.280 1.322.218
14  United Arab Emirates 3.137.048 9.184.157 5.406.993 4.681.255 4.655.710 4.965.630 8.174.607 3.706.654 3.332.885 2.896.572
15  Egypt 3.053.571 2.360.734 2.732.926 3.124.876 3.297.538 3.200.362 3.679.195 2.759.311 2.250.577 2.599.030
16  Chile 2.912.539 2.936.262 2.328.044 2.414.790 2.861.052 3.600.865 2.833.255 2.466.316 2.269.175 1.600.296
17  Bulgaria 2.669.703 2.803.182 2.383.500 1.675.928 2.040.157 1.971.247 1.684.989 1.622.777 1.497.384 1.385.544
18  Saudi Arabia 2.636.039 2.734.522 3.172.081 3.472.514 3.047.134 3.191.482 3.676.612 2.763.476 2.217.646 1.768.216
19  İran 2.392.949 3.259.270 4.966.176 3.663.760 3.886.190 4.192.511 9.921.602 3.589.635 3.044.177 2.024.546
20  Greece 2.086.696 1.662.638 1.427.206 1.400.566 1.536.658 1.437.443 1.401.401 1.553.312 1.455.678 1.629.637
Others 57.364.383 48.893.786 45.428.468 49.867.421 54.949.144 51.336.100 47.593.330 44.159.211 37.971.734 37.065.745
Total 167.923.862 156.992 940 142.529 584 143.838 871 157.610.158 151.802.637 152.461.737 134.906.869 113.883.219 102.142.613

Import

Import of Turkey’s 2018 figure is 223 billion. Turkey, imports by 24 countries. [3] Turkey most natural gas and oil, is importing automotive and electronics. The countries with the largest share in Turkey’s imports, respectively; Russia with 9.9%, China with 9.3%, Germany with 9.1% and the USA with 5.5%.

Annual import by country

  • Top 20 import countries [5]

Turkey’s Foreign Trade Imports Values ​​are in thousand US $.

Desk Country 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
1  Russia 21.989.574 19.514.094 15.162.386 20.401.757 25.288.597 25.064.214 26.625.286 23.952.914 21.600.641 19.450.086
2 People’s Republic of China 20.719.061 23.370.620 25.441.433 24.873.457 24.918.224 24.685.885 21.295.242 21.693.336 17.180.806 12.676.573
3  Germany 20.407.294 21.301.869 21.474.989 21.351.884 22.369.476 24.182.422 21.400.614 22.985.567 17.549.112 14.096.963
4  ABD 12.377.681 11.951.744 10.867.793 11.141.462 12.727.562 12.596.170 14.130.546 16.034.121 12.318.745 8.575.737
5  Italy 10.154.158 11.304.715 10.218.387 10.639.042 12.055.972 12.884.864 13.344.468 13.449.861 10.139.888 7.594.645
6  India 7.534.783 6.216.639 5.757.246 5.613.515 6.898.577 6.367.791 5.843.638 6.498.651 3.409.938 1.902.607
7  United Kingdom 7.446.107 6.548.620 5.320.237 5.541.277 5.932.227 6.281.414 5.629.455 5.840.380 4.680.611 3.473.433
8  France 7.413.025 8.070.897 7.364.715 7.597.687 8.122.571 8.079.840 8.589.896 9.229.558 8.176.600 7.091.795
9  İran 6.931.258 7.492.104 4.699.777 6.096.254 9.833.290 10.383.217 11.964.779 12.461.532 7.645.008 3.405.986
10  South Korea 6.343.174 6.608.874 6.384.242 7.057.439 7.548.319 6.088.318 5.660.093 6.298.483 4.764.057 3.118.214
11  Spain 5.492.454 6.372.911 5.679.305 5.588.524 6.075.843 6.417.719 6.023.625 6.196.452 4.840.062 3.776.917
12  Japan 4.124.170 4.281.472 3.943.604 3.140.055 3.199.915 3.453.190 3.601.427 4.263.730 3.297.796 2.781.971
13  United Arab Emirates 3.780.736 5.546.921 3.701.153 2.008.690 3.253.024 5.384.468 3.596.545 1.649.456 698.421 667.857
14  Belgium 3.571.445 3.728.941 3.200.764 3.146.936 3.863.892 3.843.376 3.690.309 3.959.279 3.213.606 2.371.516
15  Netherlands 3.304.581 3.747.619 3.000.336 2.914.359 3.517.164 3.363.585 3.660.634 4.004.955 3.156.000 2.543.073
16  Brazil 3.257.706 2.544.928 1.788.012 1.792.241 1.728.745 1.408.806 1.770.094 2.074.354 1.347.525 1.105.890
17  Poland 3.101.677 3.445.906 3.244.193 2.977.662 3.082.128 3.184.533 3.058.078 3.496.189 2.620.956 1.817.093
18   Switzerland 2.816.560 6.899.988 2.502.961 2.445.864 4.821.031 9.645.289 4.304.864 5.018.977 3.153.702 1.999.386
19  Czechia 2.650.330 2.828.107 2.561.652 2.218.334 2.420.199 2.627.288 2.005.342 1.755.452 1.327.672 1.028.650
20  Ukraine 2.645.555 2.817.133 2.547.636 3.448.171 4.242.612 4.516.333 4.394.200 4.812.060 3.832.744 3.156.659
Others 66.985.551 69.205.549 53.757.413 57.239.750 70.277.748 71.202.528 65.956.005 65.166.370 50.590.442 38.293.370
Total 223.046.879 233.799.651 198.618.235 207.234.359 242.177.117 251.661.250 236.545.141 240.841.676 185.544.332 140.928.421

 

Turkey ‘s economy

The economy of Turkey is an emerging market economy as defined by the International Monetary Fund.[33] Turkey is among the world’s developed countries according to the CIA World Factbook.[34] Turkey is also defined by economists and political scientists as one of the world’s newly industrialized countries. Turkey has the world’s 19th-largest nominal GDP,[5][35] and 13th-largest GDP by PPP.[5] The country is among the world’s leading producers of agricultural products; textiles; motor vehicles, transportation equipment; construction materials; consumer electronics and home appliances (see the related chapters below).

 

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