Turkey’s Foreign Trade 2018 figures with exports of 167.9 billion dollars and imports 223 billion dollars and export-import ratio of 75.3% and foreign trade deficit is $ 55 billion. [1] Turkey, the highest 32 imports by exports in 2017 is the highest rake 24. The most important export product of Turkey’s automotive, garments and textiles, white goods, agricultural and food products, natural gas and oil is the most important import products are automotive and electronics.

 figures by years

Values ​​are in thousand US $.

YearsExportImportsForeign tradebalanceForeign tradevolumeImport of exportscoverage rate
ValueChangeValueChangeValueValueChange
192350.79086.872-36.082137.66258,5
192482.435increase 62,3100.462increase 15,6-18.027182.897increase 82,1
1925102.700increase 24,6128.953increase 28,4-26.253231.653decrease 79,6
192696.437decrease -6,1121.411decrease -5,8-24.974217.848decrease 79,4
192780.749decrease -16,3107.752decrease -11,3-27.003188.501increase 74,9
192888.278increase 9,3113.710increase 5,5-25.432201.988increase 77,6
192974.827decrease -15,2123.558increase 8,7-48.731198.385decrease 60,6
193071.380decrease -4,669.540decrease -43,71.840140.920increase 102,6
193160.226decrease -15,659.935decrease -13,8291120.161decrease 100,5
193247.972decrease -20,340.718decrease -32,17.25488.690increase 117,8
193358.065increase 21,045.091increase 10,712.974103.156increase 128,8
193473.007increase 25,768.761increase 52,54.246141.768decrease 106,2
193576.232increase 4,470.635increase 2,75.597146.867increase 107,9
193693.670increase 22,973.619increase 4,220.051167.289increase 127,2
1937109.225increase 16,690.540increase 23,018.685199.765decrease 120,6
1938115.019increase 5,3118.899increase 31,3-3.880233.918decrease 96,7
193999.647decrease -13,492.498decrease -22,27.149192.145increase 107,7
194080.904decrease -18,850.035decrease -45,930.869130.939increase 161,7
194191.056increase 12,555.349increase 10,635.707146.405increase 164,5
1942126.115increase 38,5112.879increase 103,913.236238.994decrease 111,7
1943196.734increase 56,0155.340increase 37,641.394352.074increase 126,6
1944177.952decrease -9,5126.230decrease -18,751.722304.182increase 141,0
1945168.264decrease -5,496.969decrease -23,271.295265.233increase 173,5
1946214.580increase 27,5118.889increase 22,695.691333.469increase 180,5
1947223.301increase 4,1244.644increase 105,8-21.343467.945decrease 91,3
1948196.799decrease -11,9275.053increase 12,4-78.254471.852decrease 71,5
1949247.825increase 25,9290.220increase 5,5-42.395538.045increase 85,4
1950263.424increase 6,3285.664decrease -1,6-22.240549.088increase 92,2
1951314.082increase 19,2402.086increase 40,8-88.004716.168decrease 78,1
1952362.914increase 15,5555.920increase 38,3-193.006918.834decrease 65,3
1953396.061increase 9,1532.533decrease -4,2-136.472928.594increase 74,4
1954334.924decrease -15,4478.359decrease -10,2-143.435813.283decrease 70,0
1955313.346decrease -6,4497.637increase 4,0-184.291810.983decrease 63,0
1956304.990decrease -2,7407.340decrease -18,1-102.350712.330increase 74,9
1957345.217increase 13,2397.125decrease -2,5-51.908742.342increase 86,9
1958247.271decrease -28,4315.098decrease -20,7-67.827562.369decrease 78,5
1959353.799increase 43,1469.982increase 49,2-116.183823.781decrease 75,3
1960320.731decrease -9,3468.186decrease -0,4-147.455788.917decrease 68,5
1961346.740increase 8,1507.205increase 8,3-160.465853.945decrease 68,4
1962381.197increase 9,9619.447increase 22,1-238.2501.000.644decrease 61,5
1963368.087decrease -3,4687.616increase 11,0-319.5291.055.703decrease 53,5
1964410.771increase 11,6537.229decrease -21,9-126.458948.000increase 76,5
1965463.738increase 12,9571.953increase 6,5-108.2151.035.691increase 81,1
1966490.508increase 5,8718.269increase 25,6-227.7611.208.777decrease 68,3
1967522.334increase 6,5684.669decrease -4,7-162.3351.207.003increase 76,3
1968496.419decrease -5,0763.659increase 11,5-267.2401.260.078decrease 65,0
1969536.834increase 8,1801.236increase 4,9-264.4031.338.070increase 67,0
1970588.476increase 9,6947.604increase 18,3-359.1281.536.081decrease 62,1
1971676.602increase 15,01.170.840increase 23,6-494.2391.847.442decrease 57,8
1972884.969increase 30,81.562.550increase 33,5-677.5812.447.519decrease 56,6
19731.317.083increase 48,82.086.216increase 33,5-769.1333.403.299increase 63,1
19741.532.182increase 16,33.777.501increase 81,1-2.245.3195.309.683decrease 40,6
19751.401.075decrease -8,64.738.558increase 25,4-3.337.4836.139.633decrease 29,6
19761.960.214increase 39,95.128.647increase 8,2-3.168.4337.088.862increase 38,2
19771.753.026decrease -10,65.796.278increase 13,0-4.043.2527.549.304decrease 30,2
19782.288.163increase 30,54.599.025decrease -20,7-2.310.8626.887.187increase 49,8
19792.261.195decrease -1,25.069.432increase 10,2-2.808.2367.330.627decrease 44,6
19802.910.122increase 28,77.909.364increase 56,0-4.999.24210.819.486decrease 36,8
19814.702.934increase 61,68.933.374increase 12,9-4.230.43913.636.308increase 52,6
19825.745.973increase 22,28.842.665decrease -1,0-3.096.69214.588.639increase 65,0
19835.727.834decrease -0,39.235.002increase 4,4-3.507.16814.962.836decrease 62,0
19847.133.604increase 24,510.757.032increase 16,5-3.623.42917.890.636increase 66,3
19857.958.010increase 11,611.343.376increase 5,5-3.385.36719.301.386increase 70,2
19867.456.726decrease -6,311.104.771decrease -2,1-3.648.04618.561.497decrease 67,1
198710.190.049increase 36,714.157.807increase 27,5-3.967.75724.347.856increase 72,0
198811.662.024increase 14,414.335.398increase 1,3-2.673.37425.997.422increase 81,4
198911.624.692decrease -0,315.792.143increase 10,2-4.167.45127.416.835decrease 73,6
199012.959.288increase 11,522.302.126increase 41,2-9.342.83835.261.413decrease 58,1
199113.593.462increase 4,921.047.014decrease -5,6-7.453.55234.640.476increase 64,6
199214.714.629increase 8,222.871.055increase 8,7-8.156.42637.585.684decrease 64,3
199315.345.067increase 4,329.428.370increase 28,7-14.083.30344.773.436decrease 52,1
199418.105.872increase 18,023.270.019decrease -20,9-5.164.14741.375.891increase 77,8
199521.637.041increase 19,535.709.011increase 53,5-14.071.97057.346.052decrease 60,6
199623.224.465increase 7,343.626.642increase 22,2-20.402.17866.851.107decrease 53,2
199726.261.072increase 13,148.558.721increase 11,3-22.297.64974.819.792increase 54,1
199826.973.952increase 2,745.921.392decrease -5,4-18.947.44072.895.344increase 58,7
199926.587.225decrease -1,440.671.272decrease -11,4-14.084.04767.258.497increase 65,4
200027.774.906increase 4,554.502.821increase 34,0-26.727.91482.277.727decrease 51,0
200131.334.216increase 12,841.399.083decrease -24,0-10.064.86772.733.299increase 75,7
200236.059.089increase 15,151.553.797increase 24,5-15.494.70887.612.886decrease 69,9
200347.252.836increase 31,069.339.692increase 34,5-22.086.856116.592.528decrease 68,1
200463.167.153increase 33,797.539.766increase 40,7-34.372.613160.706.919decrease 64,8
200573.476.408increase 16,3116.774.151increase 19,7-43.297.743190.250.559decrease 62,9
200685.534.676increase 16,4139.576.174increase 19,5-54.041.499225.110.850decrease 61,3
2007107.271.750increase 25,4170.062.715increase 21,8-62.790.965277.334.464increase 63,1
2008132.027.196increase 23,1201.963.574increase 18,8-69.936.378333.990.770increase 65,4
2009102.142.613decrease -22,6140.928.421decrease -30,2-38.785.809243.071.034increase 72,5
2010113.883.219increase 11,5185.544.332increase 31,7-71.661.113299.427.551decrease 61,4
2011134.906.869increase 18,5240.841.676increase 29,8-105.934.807375.748.545decrease 56,0
2012152.461.737increase 13,0236.545.141decrease -1,8-84.083.404389.006.877increase 64,5
2013151.802.637decrease -0,4251.661.250increase 6,4-99.858.613403.463.887decrease 60,3
2014157.610.158increase 3,8242.177.117decrease -3,8-84.566.959399.787.275increase 65,1
2015143.838.871decrease -8,7207.234.359decrease -14,4-63.395.487351.073.230increase 69,4
2016142.529.584decrease -0,9198.618.235decrease -4,2-56.088.651341.147.819increase 71,8
2017156.992.940increase 10,1233.799.651increase 17,7-76.806.711390.792.592decrease 67,1
2018 *167.923.862increase 7,0223.046.879decrease -4,6-55.123.017390.970.741increase 75,3

* 2018 figures are provisional.

Exports

Turkey’s 2018 export figure of 167.9 billion dollars. Turkey, exporting 32 countries. [2] The most important export products to Turkey, automotive, garments and textiles, white goods, agricultural and food products. The countries with the largest share in Turkey’s exports, respectively; Germany with 9.6%, United Kingdom with 6.6%, Italy with 5.7%, Iraq with 5.0% and the USA with 4.9%.

 

Annual exports by country

Top 20 exporting countries [4]

Turkey’s Foreign Trade Values ​​are in thousand US $.

DeskCountry2018201720162015201420132012201120102009
1 Germany16.137.38815.118.91013.998.65313.417.03315.147.42313.702.57713.124.37513.950.82511.479.0669.793.006
2 United Kingdom11.107.3369.603.18911.685.79010.556.3939.903.1728.785.1248.693.5998.151.4307.235.8615.937.997
3 Italy9.560.4058.473.4717.580.8376.887.3997.141.0716.718.3556.373.0807.851.4806.505.2775.888.958
4 Iraq8.346.2769.054.6127.636.6708.549.96710.887.82611.948.90510.822.1448.310.1306.036.3625.123.406
5 ABD8.304.6728.654.2686.623.3476.395.8426.341.8415.640.2475.604.2304.584.0293.762.9193.240.597
6 Spain7.708.4656.302.1354.988.4834.742.2704.749.5844.334.1963.717.3453.917.5593.536.2052.818.470
7 France7.286.9926.584.1996.022.4855.845.0326.464.2436.376.7046.198.5366.805.8216.054.4996.211.415
8 Netherlands4.760.8263.864.4863.589.4323.154.8673.458.6893.538.0433.244.4293.243.0802.461.3712.127.297
9 Belgium3.950.9703.151.4222.548.2402.557.8052.939.1082.573.8042.359.5752.451.0301.960.4411.795.682
10 Israel3.894.5063.407.4362.955.5452.698.1392.950.9022.649.6632.329.5312.391.1482.080.1481.522.436
11 Romania3.867.1223.139.1882.671.2492.815.5063.008.0112.616.3132.495.4272.878.7602.599.3802.201.936
12 Russia3.399.8272.734.3161.732.9543.588.3315.943.0146.964.2096.680.7775.992.6334.628.1533.189.607
13 Poland3.346.1493.070.7582.650.5052.329.1762.401.6892.058.8571.853.7001.758.2521.504.2801.322.218
14 United Arab Emirates3.137.0489.184.1575.406.9934.681.2554.655.7104.965.6308.174.6073.706.6543.332.8852.896.572
15 Egypt3.053.5712.360.7342.732.9263.124.8763.297.5383.200.3623.679.1952.759.3112.250.5772.599.030
16 Chile2.912.5392.936.2622.328.0442.414.7902.861.0523.600.8652.833.2552.466.3162.269.1751.600.296
17 Bulgaria2.669.7032.803.1822.383.5001.675.9282.040.1571.971.2471.684.9891.622.7771.497.3841.385.544
18 Saudi Arabia2.636.0392.734.5223.172.0813.472.5143.047.1343.191.4823.676.6122.763.4762.217.6461.768.216
19 İran2.392.9493.259.2704.966.1763.663.7603.886.1904.192.5119.921.6023.589.6353.044.1772.024.546
20 Greece2.086.6961.662.6381.427.2061.400.5661.536.6581.437.4431.401.4011.553.3121.455.6781.629.637
Others57.364.38348.893.78645.428.46849.867.42154.949.14451.336.10047.593.33044.159.21137.971.73437.065.745
Total167.923.862156.992 940142.529 584143.838 871157.610.158151.802.637152.461.737134.906.869113.883.219102.142.613

Import

Import of Turkey’s 2018 figure is 223 billion. Turkey, imports by 24 countries. [3] Turkey most natural gas and oil, is importing automotive and electronics. The countries with the largest share in Turkey’s imports, respectively; Russia with 9.9%, China with 9.3%, Germany with 9.1% and the USA with 5.5%.

Annual import by country

  • Top 20 import countries [5]

Turkey’s Foreign Trade Imports Values ​​are in thousand US $.

DeskCountry2018201720162015201420132012201120102009
1 Russia21.989.57419.514.09415.162.38620.401.75725.288.59725.064.21426.625.28623.952.91421.600.64119.450.086
2People’s Republic of China20.719.06123.370.62025.441.43324.873.45724.918.22424.685.88521.295.24221.693.33617.180.80612.676.573
3 Germany20.407.29421.301.86921.474.98921.351.88422.369.47624.182.42221.400.61422.985.56717.549.11214.096.963
4 ABD12.377.68111.951.74410.867.79311.141.46212.727.56212.596.17014.130.54616.034.12112.318.7458.575.737
5 Italy10.154.15811.304.71510.218.38710.639.04212.055.97212.884.86413.344.46813.449.86110.139.8887.594.645
6 India7.534.7836.216.6395.757.2465.613.5156.898.5776.367.7915.843.6386.498.6513.409.9381.902.607
7 United Kingdom7.446.1076.548.6205.320.2375.541.2775.932.2276.281.4145.629.4555.840.3804.680.6113.473.433
8 France7.413.0258.070.8977.364.7157.597.6878.122.5718.079.8408.589.8969.229.5588.176.6007.091.795
9 İran6.931.2587.492.1044.699.7776.096.2549.833.29010.383.21711.964.77912.461.5327.645.0083.405.986
10 South Korea6.343.1746.608.8746.384.2427.057.4397.548.3196.088.3185.660.0936.298.4834.764.0573.118.214
11 Spain5.492.4546.372.9115.679.3055.588.5246.075.8436.417.7196.023.6256.196.4524.840.0623.776.917
12 Japan4.124.1704.281.4723.943.6043.140.0553.199.9153.453.1903.601.4274.263.7303.297.7962.781.971
13 United Arab Emirates3.780.7365.546.9213.701.1532.008.6903.253.0245.384.4683.596.5451.649.456698.421667.857
14 Belgium3.571.4453.728.9413.200.7643.146.9363.863.8923.843.3763.690.3093.959.2793.213.6062.371.516
15 Netherlands3.304.5813.747.6193.000.3362.914.3593.517.1643.363.5853.660.6344.004.9553.156.0002.543.073
16 Brazil3.257.7062.544.9281.788.0121.792.2411.728.7451.408.8061.770.0942.074.3541.347.5251.105.890
17 Poland3.101.6773.445.9063.244.1932.977.6623.082.1283.184.5333.058.0783.496.1892.620.9561.817.093
18  Switzerland2.816.5606.899.9882.502.9612.445.8644.821.0319.645.2894.304.8645.018.9773.153.7021.999.386
19 Czechia2.650.3302.828.1072.561.6522.218.3342.420.1992.627.2882.005.3421.755.4521.327.6721.028.650
20 Ukraine2.645.5552.817.1332.547.6363.448.1714.242.6124.516.3334.394.2004.812.0603.832.7443.156.659
Others66.985.55169.205.54953.757.41357.239.75070.277.74871.202.52865.956.00565.166.37050.590.44238.293.370
Total223.046.879233.799.651198.618.235207.234.359242.177.117251.661.250236.545.141240.841.676185.544.332140.928.421

 

Turkey ‘s economy

The economy of Turkey is an emerging market economy as defined by the International Monetary Fund.[33] Turkey is among the world’s developed countries according to the CIA World Factbook.[34] Turkey is also defined by economists and political scientists as one of the world’s newly industrialized countries. Turkey has the world’s 19th-largest nominal GDP,[5][35] and 13th-largest GDP by PPP.[5] The country is among the world’s leading producers of agricultural products; textiles; motor vehicles, transportation equipment; construction materials; consumer electronics and home appliances (see the related chapters below).

 

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