Turkish Agricultural Machinery Exports
AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENTS PRODUCTION
Agricultural machinery sector is strongly related to the both positive and negative events in the agriculture sector. That is why; dealing with the agricultural machinery sector independently from the agriculture sector is not possible. In the planning of the machinery sector for agriculture, the targets that are determined for agricultural sector have to be considered.
As in the other countries, agricultural sector is the base of the national Trade in Turkey, too. According to the distribution of the 2016 employment statistics, approximately 19,5% of the total employment is in the agricultural sector. A strong agricultural machinery sector is developed as a result of that big sector. By the completion of the Southeast Anatolian Project (GAP), 1.8 million hectares cultivated land can be irrigated.
Such a big irrigated farmland means that agricultural production will be sufficient for all the Middle East. GAP, for which the government reserves 5 billion Dollars in the beginning of the year 2008, provides very significant opportunities to the future of the Turkey’s agricultural sector. At the end of the completion of the project, the agricultural sector meets the opportunity to make large-scale investments and this will effect the development of the agricultural machinery sector in a positive way.
In Turkey, approximately 130 different machines and equipment are manufactured in agricultural machinery sector.
The manufactured products are mainly as follows: Tractors, harvesters, pedestrian controlled tractors, mowers, powered, lawn, with horizontal cutting device, seeders, planters and transplanters, manure spreaders and fertilizer distributors, means and equipment for plant protection and irrigation, harvesters, threshers, dryers, machines and equipments for cleaning, distinguishing and processing, milking machines and other equipments for farm and garden usage.
The agricultural machinery sector is classified in two groups in Turkey as agricultural machines and equipment sector and the tractor sector. In the machines and equipment sector, there are 1,049 producers and importers. On the other hand, 24 firms are active in tractor sector. The sector employs 23,000 people in Turkey.
The exports of the agricultural machinery and equipment sector amounted to 262 million dollars in 2016 and decreased by 13% to 228 million dollars in 2017.
Turkey’s major export partners in agricultural machinery parts sector were Azerbaijan, Iraq, Iran, France and Uzbekistan in 2017.
The exports of tractors, trailers and pedestrian controlled tractors has diminished by 33% to 441 million Dollars in 2017, compared to 2016.
The major export partners of Turkey in the said sector were Germany, France, Spain, Italy and Poland in 2017.
- General Secretariat of Central Anatolian Exporters Union
- The Turkish Association of Agricultural Machinery and Equipment Manufacturers
- Association Of Machinery Manufacturers