Sentence Structure in Turkish Language (Grammar Lesson #9)

Video Duration: 00:07:44

This video describes the basic sentence structure in Turkish language.

Turkish sentence structure is very similar to sentence structure in many other languages.

Depending on the order of words in a sentence, Turkish sentences are divided into two categories:
1) Regular Sentence (Kurallı Cümle): the predicate is at the end
2) Irregular Sentence (Kuralsız Cümle): the predicate is NOT at the end

Predicate: an action or a state of being (usually verb)
Subject: the main actor (usually a noun or pronoun)
Object: receives the action (usually a noun)
Modifiers: add to the meanings of other words (usually adjective, adverbs)

In a simple, single-clause, regular Turkish sentence, the PREDICATE (the main action verb) is always at the end of the sentence. In addition, you would also observe that the SUBJECT is at the beginning, and everything else stands between the SUBJECT and the PREDICATE. Last, it doesn’t matter whether the sentence is affirmative, negative or interrogative. Similarly, the tense doesn’t matter either – the predicate is always at the end!

In a simple, single-clause, irregular Turkish sentence PREDICATE (the main action verb) is NOT at the end of the sentence. The place of the predicate would be mostly changed to specifically emphasize a certain word, which is mostly done using intonation. You would also see many irregular sentences in literature, mainly in poetry.

The Rule of Thumb is that the most generic Turkish sentence would be a regular sentence, in which the PREDICATE (the main action verb) is at the end, the SUBJECT (the main actor) is at the beginning, and everything else is in between.

SUBJECT + (OBJECT or MODIFIERS) + PREDICATE

All other structures are just deviations from the regular structure.

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